Half Day: 8:30 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. | Full Day: 8:30 a.m. – 2:30 p.m. | Age: 3 – 6 years
Fundamental to Montessori theory is the multi-age classroom. This classroom includes children 3 – 6 years of age. They may work either individually or in small groups, learning from sharing with one another. The children engage in activities specially designed for their learning in the areas of Practical Life, Sensorial, Natural Science, Geography, Math, Language, Spanish, Art, and Music.
This program refers to the more advanced academic work which is available to the older and more independent child. This program is typically for the 5 and 6 year olds but a child that is 1/2 years old with six months of previous Montessori training can be assessed by the teacher for the program if space is available.
The Montessori Materials in the classroom can be divided into three main groups. The Practical Life Exercises, which are the beginning activities for three and four year olds; the Sensorial Materials, which can be used by all ages in the class; and the Academic Materials, which await each child’s moments of interest in reading, arithmetic, and geography.
Practical Life is the foundation of the Montessori classroom. Through the repetition of Practical Life activities, children develop and refine basic skills that serves them all their lives. It also:
- Helps the child grow in self knowledge.
- Helps the child grow in independence.
- Helps the child grow in an understanding of the environment.
- Helps the child develop a good self-image.
- Helps the child develop motor perception and perfection of movement.
- Helps the child develop a sense of responsibility.
- Helps the child develop a spirit of helpfulness.
- Helps the child develop power of concentration.
- Helps the child to establish order.
- Helps the child to appreciate his/her culture.
Sensorial is the area that the child refines his/her five senses when working with the equipment. It also:
- Helps the child to learn dimension, indirect preparation for writing (Cylinders).
- Prepares the child for the cube root, 2x2x2 (Pink Tower).
- Prepares the child for square root, 2×2 (Broad Stair)
- Helps the child understand linear measurement (Red Rods).
- Helps the child learn colors, shapes, textures, weight.
- Helps the child educate the sense of smell and sound (Smelling and Sound Bottles).
- Prepares the child for geometry (Constructive Triangles).
- Helps the child learn additional vocabulary: tall-short, thick-thin, large-small, etc.
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- Helps the child learn basic concepts of mathematics by using concrete materials to represent all types of quantities.
- Helps the child learn 0-9 through muscular memory (Sandpaper numbers).
- Helps the child learn odd and even numbers.
- Helps the child learn “teen numbers” (Sequin Board A).
- Helps the child learn numbers 21-99 (Sequin Board B).
- Helps the child learn the decimal system (Golden Beads).
- Helps the child to skip count by 2’s, 3’s, 4’s, 5’s, 6’s, 7’s, 8’s, 9’s, & 10’s.
- Helps the child learn squaring and cubing (Bead Cabinet).
- Helps the child learn fractions.
- Helps the child learn addition, subtraction, multiplication and division).
- Helps the child learn common factors (Factor Board).
- Helps the child learn square root (Square Root Board).
The Language area of the classroom prepares the child for learning phonetics, reading, writing, and spelling. The Language reading area is broken down in three parts: Pink ( learning 2 and 3 letter phonetic words and sentences, Blue (learning 4 – 6 letter phonetic words and sentences, and Green (learning phonograms and site words).
- Sandpaper letters helps the child learn the shape and phonetic sounds of the Alphabet. Tracing these shapes helps the child learn to write through muscular memory.
- Once the child learns all of the sounds of the alphabet, he/she is ready to blend the sound to make phonetic 3 letter words. This is known as the Pink Scheme In the Montessori classroom.
- The child learns to match pictures with words.
- The child learns to read word lists.
- The child learns to read sentences.
- The child learns to read phonetic books.
- The child learns 4-5 letter words. This is known as the Blue Scheme in the Montessori classroom.
- Child repeats 3-6.
- The child learns phonograms. This is known as the Green Scheme in the Montessori classroom.
- The child learns from Journal writing on a daily basis.
- The child learns about the Parts of Speech (Article, Noun, Adjective and Verb).
- The child learns from Spelling – Alphabetical order, definition, research and sentences.
- The child learns Punctuation.
- Helps the child learn Time Lines.
- Helps the child learn Stages of Civilization.
- Helps the child learn Past, Present and Future.
- Helps the child learn Famous People and Ancient Cultures.
- Helps the child learn History of Art and Music.
- Zoology – Helps the child learn the five classes of vertebrates; Fish, Amphibian, Reptile, Bird, and Mammal.
- Botany – Helps the child learn Plant Classification and parts of a leaf.
- Helps the child learn about Planets in Our Solar System.
- Helps the child learn about Volcanoes.
GEOGRAPHY AND CULTURAL STUDIES
- Helps the child learn Continents, Countries, Culture (Cooking Activities).
- Helps the child learn Land and Water Formations, example: island, lake, etc.
- Helps the child learn basic Spanish and language structure through song, action games, activities etc.
- Themes: Animals, food, family members, numbers, alphabet, colors, holidays, etc.